A VR-based Approach to ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects nearly 1 in 20 children in USA. It is characterized by inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior. According to the American Psychiatric Association, ADHD is a brain disorder that usually occurs in childhood, but symptoms may continue well into adolescence and may even persist into adulthood. ADHD symptoms affect children in their daily functioning, social behaviours, and academic endeavours. At present, the rehabilitation of children with ADHD involves psychological counselling, medication, and behavioural therapies. However, the consequences of such treatments may be far from positive, such as drug side effects and no lasting behavioural improvement. Furthermore, as Faraone et al. pointed out, people who grow up with ADHD tend to have lower occupational status, poor social relationships, and are more likely to commit motoring offences and develop substance abuse. However, there is light at the end of the tunnel, through the development of a VR-based approach toward the rehabilitation of children with ADHD. By creating specially designed virtual environments for the detection, assessment and treatment of this disorder, Virtual Reality can serve both as a diagnostic tool and an effective therapeutic strategy in the rehabilitation of children with ADHD.